ESARDA Course Follow-up

In addition to what has been informed during the 15th edition of ESARDA course held in Ispra in April 11th-15th 2016, please see below information of the exam and deadlines that some of you have requested:

 The exam includes two parts:

1 - The first part is the online exam posted in the website of ESARDA/NuSaSet (the site that you have used to register to attend ESARDA course 2016)

ATTENTION: The deadline for completing this online exam is fixed to May 20th 2016!

2 - The second part of the exam is the essay that you need to make on a subject of your choice but in line with Nuclear Safeguards or Non-Proliferation. For your convenience, here are some examples of subjects that you could use as a subject to your essay (but you are fully free to choose any subject out of four examples):

- Fingerprinting of Nuclear Material for nuclear forensics
- Key technical issues for the proliferation of Generation IV reactors
- Key characteristics for proliferation-resistant Generation IV reactors
- Nuclear Material detectors for efficient border control
- Proliferation indicators derived from historical cases with the development of a nuclear weapons program
- Benefits and drawbacks of remote monitoring by satellite imagery and wide environmental sampling
- Success and failures of the Non-Proliferation Treaty demonstrated in history
- Benefits and drawbacks for Non-Destructive Assay for Nuclear Material
- Updating the safeguards goals with the nuclear progress
- Disarmament: what is in there for the Non-Proliferation Treaty
- Challenges of the transnational Nuclear Proliferation Networks today

ATTENTION: For the essay part, the deadline for completing the essay and sending it is fixed to July 25th 2016 BUT you need to inform us on the subject that you have selected for your essay by May 27th 2016.

Finally please send your input by email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. copying This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

15th ESARDA Course

Course Announcement

The JRC Announces the 15th ESARDA COURSE on Nuclear Safeguards and Non Proliferation to be held in spring 2016 in the European Commission's Research Centre in Ispra, Italy

Dates: April 11th - 15th, 2016

Registration deadline: 10th February 2016

Organised by the European Safeguards Research & Development Association, WG TKM

Hosted by the Nuclear Security Unit, Joint Research Centre Ispra, Italy

Origin of the course

The knowledge retention problem in the nuclear field was acknowledged by the OECD in 2000. The United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education (2002) made detailed recommendations for urgently required improvements. ESARDA, the European Safeguards Research and Development Association, reacted to these shortcomings with a strategy to tackle the problem and created a Working Group on Training and Knowledge Management (ESARDA WG TKM). The final objective of the ESARDA WG TKM is the setup of academic course modules to an internationally recognised reference standard. This project is in line with the movement of establishing a European curriculum for Nuclear Engineering. Teaching in the Nuclear Safeguards field is indeed strongly influenced by national history so the objective of the course is to provide homogeneous material in Nuclear Safeguards and Non-Proliferation matters at the European and international level.

Learning objectives

This compact course is open to masters degree students, in particular nuclear engineering students, but also to young professionals and International Relations / law students. It aims at complementing nuclear engineering studies by including nuclear safeguards in the academic curriculum. The basic aim of the course is to stimulate students’ interests in safeguards. The course addresses aspects of the efforts to create a global nuclear nonproliferation system and how this sytem works in practice: the Treaty on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), safeguards technology, and export control. Also regional settings, such as Euratom Treaty, are presented and discussed. The course deals in particular with technical aspects and application of safeguards; i.e. how to implement the safeguards principles and methodology within the different nuclear facilities. Therefore the course will create an overview on inspections techniques, ranging from neutron / gamma detectors, to design information verification, to environmental sampling, etc.

Course content

The evolution of the Non Proliferation Treaty —regime, safeguards, international control regimes in theory and practice, and present trends in the nuclear nonproliferation efforts.

What is safeguarded
Definition of nuclear material that is subject to nuclear safeguards and related safeguards goals (significant quantity, timeliness and detection probabilities).

Where is it found
Description of the nuclear fuel cycle from mining to final repository, focussing on enrichment in the front-end and reprocessing in the back-end.

Which legal protection means exist
Overview on international and regional Non-Proliferation Treaties and established Institutions and Organisations.

What is the methodology to verify
Nuclear material accountancy principles and statistics of auditing.

How are inspections performed
Overview on inspector tools and their use to verify the nuclear activities as declared under the safeguards agreements (Non Destructive Assay, Monitoring, Containment / Surveillance); additional safeguards measures under the Additional Protocol (complementary access, satellite imagery, environmental sampling) and how they are applied in field (storage facility, process facility, enrichment facility, research institute, spent fuel transfer).

How to control Import / Export
Guidelines of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, trigger list and dual-use list. Means to combat illicit trafficking, inclusive nuclear forensics.

What additional information offers
Collection of open source data and demonstration of some case studies (Iraq, 1993).

Practical organisation

The course features a full five-days program with 1h lectures by experts in the field of nuclear safeguards, visits to five safeguards laboratories and some classroom exercises.

The course material, consisting of a complete set of presentations and literature will be provided to the participants. It is recommended that the students prepare themselves with the reading material on the website.

The registration form has to be completely compiled and sent to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. before the deadline of 10 February 2016. University students can apply for accommodation free of charge, but only a limited number of places per university are available. Travel costs are not reimbursed by the JRC.
There is no course fee; lunches are offered free of charges.

All participants are encouraged to make an essay on a given topic selected from the list, which is handed out at the end of the course. Up to 2 best essays can be selected for being published in the ESARDA Bulletin or for being presented in the poster session at the next ESARDA Symposium.
Students can include this course, which can be recognised by BNEN / ENEN for 3ECTS, in their academic curriculum. To be quoted for this course an additional Take-Home-Exam is foreseen.


Joint Research Centre, Building 36, Amphitheatre

Via Enrico Fermi, 2749, 21027 Ispra VA, Italy


From Monday, April 11th, 2016 at 8:30 till Friday, April 15th, 2016 until 18:00