Meeting Safeguards Challenges In An Expanding Nuclear World
October 6 - 9, 2008
International House of Japan
Roppongi, Tokyo, Japan
The workshop has been organized around four Working Groups addressing the following main and sub topics.
WG 1 - Safeguards Implementation and State Evaluation
Subtopic 1: Emergence of state-level safeguards
The discussion will address bringing in state-level approaches and integrated safeguards; and views of safeguards authorities and facility operators (unpredictability, mailboxes).
Subtopic 2: Directions for future safeguards implementation
The discussion will address safeguards in the Asia/Pacific region, Latin America and in Europe; the role of regional offices and regional systems; and safeguarding large and sensitive facilities.
Subtopic 3: Safeguards from other viewpoints
The discussion will address developing the new safeguards culture; safeguards resources and costs (handling new facilities and special cases), and other safeguards perspectives.
WG 2 - Technical progress: The safeguards toolbox
Subtopic 1: The information complex: supporting state-level safeguards
The discussion will address turning raw data into knowledge and action; and the experience with, development of and future prospects for information sources.
Subtopic 2: Technologies to support state-level safeguards in an expanding nuclear world
The discussion will address unattended and remote monitoring experience and prospects; safeguards technologies for large and sensitive facilities, and what new safeguards approaches and technologies will be needed for the new generation of reactors and fuel cycle facilities.
Subtopic 3: Tools for detecting undeclared nuclear material and activities
The discussion will address the experience, development, future prospects for environmental sampling; the experience, development, future prospects for satellite imagery; and other issues in the detection of undeclared activities.
Subtopic 4: Safeguards technology and equipment for the future
The discussion will address new perspectives on safeguards R&D; new and novel safeguards technology; and challenges in turning technology into safeguards equipment.
WG 3 - Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Policy & Institutional Issues
Subtopic 1: Dealing with compliance issues, special cases and non-State actors
The discussion will address how questions about compliance with States’ obligations can be addressed and resolved; the special case of Iran; the special case of DPRK; and issues concerning non-State actors (including safeguards - export control interfaces and procurement networks),
Subtopic 2: The non-proliferation – safeguards interface: crosscutting issues
The discussion will address the case of India; supply assurances; spent fuel take back; multinational and multilateral activities (MNA), “break out”; and non-proliferation, disarmament and the NPT Review Conference.
Subtopic 3: Broader considerations on the non-proliferation regime
The discussion will address proliferation considerations in INPRO, GEN IV and GNEP; safeguards and nuclear security interfaces and integration; fissile material cutoff (FMCT); and the non-proliferation – climate change dichotomy.
WG 4 - Academic and Applied Safeguards and Non-Proliferation programs in Asia, Europe and the U.S.
This working group will feature interaction between educators that will include presentations and discussion on topics such as the emphasis on non-proliferation (including export control), the lessons learned from the first programs, and the applied – policy dichotomy.
Subtopic 1: Colleges and Universities
How are safeguards professionals educated? How are they trained? Experiences in delivering safeguards courses at the undergraduate level: What are students looking for?
Sustainability: How many programs does the industry need and how many can it sustain?
Documentation: What resources are available to interested professors?
Subtopic 2: Employment:
Where are the future opportunities for safeguards professionals?
Outreach: What is the most effective way to interest young people in safeguards careers?
Subtopic 3: Knowledge Capture:
The retiring workforce: How do we capture the knowledge of industry experts before they retire? Or during retirement?
Supporting education: What documentation is needed for college and university programs?