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Scientific paper

Brain Science & Intl. Nuclear Safeguards: Implications from Cognitive Science & Human Factors Research on the Provision & Use of Safeguards-Relevant Information in Field

ESARDA Bulletin - The International Journal of Nuclear Safeguards and Non-Proliferation

Details

Identification
ISSN: 1977-5296, DOI: 10.3011/ESARDA.IJNSNP.2017.8
Publication date
1 June 2017
Author
Joint Research Centre

Description

Volume: 54, June 2017, pages 62-69,

Authors: Z. N. Gastelum, L. E. Matzen, H. A. Smartt, K. E. Horak, E. M. Moyer, M. E. St. Pierre

Sandia National Laboratories

Abstract:

Today’s international nuclear safeguards inspectors have access to an increasing volume of supplemental information about the facilities under their purview, including commercial satellite imagery, nuclear trade data, open source information, and results from previous safeguards activities. In addition to completing traditional in-field safeguards activities, inspectors are now responsible for being able to act upon this growing corpus of supplemental safeguards-relevant data and for maintaining situational awareness of unusual activities taking place in their environment. However, cognitive science research suggests that maintaining too much information can be detrimental to a user’s understanding, and externalizing information (for example, to a mobile device) to reduce cognitive burden can decrease cognitive function related to memory, navigation, and attention. Given this dichotomy, how can international nuclear safeguards inspectors better synthesize information to enhance situational awareness, decision making, and performance in the field? This paper examines literature from the fields of cognitive science and human factors in the areas of wayfinding, situational awareness, equipment and technical assistance, and knowledge transfer, and describes the implications for the provision of, and interaction with, safeguards-relevant information for international nuclear safeguards inspectors working in the field.

Keywords:

safeguards; inspection; cognition; information

Reference guideline:

Gastelum, Z.N., Matzen, L.E., Smartt, H.A., Horak, K.E., Moyer, E.M., & St. Pierre, M.E. (2017). Brain Science and International Nuclear Safeguards: Implications from Cognitive Science and Human Factors Research on the Provision and Use of Safeguards-Relevant Information in the Field. ESARDA Bulletin - The International Journal of Nuclear Safeguards and Non-proliferation, 54, 62-69. https://doi.org/10.3011/ ESARDA.IJNSNP.2017.8

THMB_Bulletin-54_p.62-69-Gastelum

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Brain Science and International Nuclear Safeguards: Implications from Cognitive Science and Human Factors Research on the Provision and Use of Safeguards-Relevant Information in the Field
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